The Gospels Compared and Contrasted

Rev. Jayasheelan - July 29, 2017 - New Testament Studies /

What is scope and purpose Gospel books and how these writing are compared and contrasted? 

The scope of Gospel Books

The Gospels Compared and Contrasted
Topics The Synoptic Gospels John
Matthew Mark Luke
Probable Date A.D 58-68 A.D. 55-65 A.D. 60-68 A.D. 80-90
Place of Writing Syria Antioch or Palestine Rome Rome/Greece Ephesus
Original Audience Jewish mind (Religious) Roman mind (Pragmatic) Greek mind (Idealistic) Universal
Theme Messiah-King Servant-Redeemer Perfect Man Son of God
Traditional Picture of Christ (cf. Ezek. 1:10Rev. 4:6-8) The Lion (strength, authority) The Bull (Service, power) The Man (wisdom, character) The Eagle (deity, person)
Portrait of Christ God-man God-man
Perspective Historical Theological
Unique Material Less unique (Matthew,42%; Mark, 7%;Luke,59% More unique(92%)
Chronology Only one Passover mentioned Three of four Passovers
Geography Concentrates on Galilean ministry Concentrates on Judean ministry
Discourse Material More public More private
Teaching Method Parables Allegories
Teaching Emphasis More on ethical, practical teachings More on the person of Christ
Relationship to Other Gospels Complementary Supplementary