Jewish Feasts, Festivals, Sacred times
Study about: 1. Passover (Heb, Heb.), 2. Feast of unleavened Bread (Heb, matson) and more…
Important Jewish Holy Days
Jewish Feasts, Festivals, and Sacred times!
|1. Passover ( Heb, pesah)Ex. 12:1-28,43-49; Lev. 23:5; Num 28:16; Deut. 16:1-8
Time: The evening of the fourteenth day of Nisan (Abib), the first month of the biblical year (March/April)
Purpose: (1) To commemorate Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian bondage. (2)To remind the children of Israel that God “passed over” their houses, i.e., spared the firstborn of the Israelites (Ex.12:27)
Prophetic Significance: (1) Christ is our Passover (cf. John. 1:29; 19:36; I Cor.5:7; I Pet 1:18,19) (2) The Passover is the foundation for the Lord’s Supper (cf Matt.26:17-30; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22: 1-20). (3)The Passover foreshadows the marriage supper of the Lamb (cf. Matt 26:29; Mark 14:25; Luke 22:16-18)
|2. Feast of unleavened Bread (Heb, matsot)Ex. 12:15-20; 13;3-10; Lev. 23:6-8; Num. 28:17-25; Deut. 16:3-8.
Time: It began on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Abib) and continued for one week (March/April)
Purpose: To commemorate the hardships of Israel’s hurried fight from Egypt (Ex.12:39;). The absence of leaven symbolised complete consecration and devotion to God.
|3. Day of Firstfruits (Heb, bikkurim)Lev. 23:9-14
Time: On the day after the Sabbath of Passover week (March/April).
Purpose: To dedicate and consecrate the firstfruits of barley harvest.
Prophetic Significance: (1) Firstfruits is a type of the bodily resurrection of Christ (cf. 1 Cor. 15:20-23). (2) Firstfruits is a guarantee of the bodily resurrection of all believers (cf.I Cor. 15:20-23; I Thess. 4:13-18). (3) Firstfruits is a type of the consecration of the church.
|4. Feast of Pentecost (Heb, or Weeks: shabuot,).Lev. 23:15-22; Num.28:26-31; Deut. 16:9-12
Time: The day after the seventh Sabbath after the day of Firstfruits (May/June)
Purpose: To dedicate and consecrate the firstfruits of the wheat harvest.
Prophetic Significance: The outpouring of The Holy Spirit upon the church occurred on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2)
|5. Day of Trumpets (Heb, rosh Hashanah,)Lev. 23:23-25; Num. 10:10; 29:1-6
Time: The first day of the seventh month (Tishri), the sabbatical month (September/October)
Purpose: To usher in and consecrate the seventh month as the sabbatical month
|6. Day of Atonement (Heb, yom kippur,).Lev. 16:23:26-32; Num 29:7-11
Time: The tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri- September/October)
Purpose: To make annual atonement for the sins of the priests and the people, and for the tabernacle (temple)
Prophetic Significance: The Day of Atonement finds its ultimate, fulfilment in the crucifixion of Christ (cf. Heb.9) It represents the redeeming work of Christ more adequately than any other O.T type.
|7. Feast of Tabernacles (Heb, Booths or ingathering; sukkot)Lev. 23:33-43; Num. 29:12-38; Deut. 16:13-17)
Time: the fifteenth through twenty-first of the seventh month (Tishri), with an eighth day added as a climax to all the feasts (September/October.)
Purpose: (1) To commemorate God’s deliverance and protection during the wilderness wanderings (23:43;) (2) To rejoice in the completion of all the harvest (23:39).
Prophetic Significance: The Feast of Tabernacles foreshadows the peace and prosperity of the millennial reign of Christ ( Zech. 14:16)