Jewish Feasts, Festivals, Sacred times

Rev. Jayasheelan - July 27, 2017 - Old Testament Studies /

Study about:  1. Passover (Heb, Heb.), 2. Feast of unleavened Bread (Heb, matson) and more…

Important Jewish Holy Days

Jewish Feasts, Festivals, and Sacred times!
1. Passover ( Heb, pesah)Ex. 12:1-28,43-49Lev. 23:5Num 28:16Deut. 16:1-8

Time: The evening of the fourteenth day of Nisan (Abib), the first month of the biblical year (March/April)

Purpose: (1) To commemorate Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian bondage. (2)To remind the children of Israel that God “passed over” their houses, i.e., spared the firstborn of the Israelites (Ex.12:27)

Prophetic Significance: (1) Christ is our Passover (cf. John. 1:2919:36I Cor.5:7I Pet 1:18,19) (2) The Passover is the foundation for the Lord’s Supper (cf Matt.26:17-30Mark 14:12-25Luke 22: 1-20). (3)The Passover foreshadows the marriage supper of the Lamb (cf. Matt 26:29Mark 14:25Luke 22:16-18)

2. Feast of unleavened Bread (Heb, matsot)Ex. 12:15-2013;3-10Lev. 23:6-8Num. 28:17-25Deut. 16:3-8.

Time: It began on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Abib) and continued for one week (March/April)

Purpose: To commemorate the hardships of Israel’s hurried fight from Egypt (Ex.12:39;). The absence of leaven symbolised complete consecration and devotion to God.

Prophetic Significance: (1) Unleavened bread is a type of Christ (cf, John 6:30-591Cor. 11:24). (2) Unleavened bread is a type of the true church (cf. 1Cor. 5:7,8).

3. Day of Firstfruits (Heb, bikkurim)Lev. 23:9-14

Time: On the day after the Sabbath of Passover week (March/April).

Purpose: To dedicate and consecrate the firstfruits of barley harvest.

Prophetic Significance: (1) Firstfruits is a type of the bodily resurrection of Christ (cf. 1 Cor. 15:20-23). (2) Firstfruits is a guarantee of the bodily resurrection of all believers (cf.I Cor. 15:20-23I Thess. 4:13-18). (3) Firstfruits is a type of the consecration of the church.

4. Feast of Pentecost (Heb, or Weeks: shabuot,).Lev. 23:15-22Num.28:26-31Deut. 16:9-12

Time: The day after the seventh Sabbath after the day of Firstfruits (May/June)

Purpose: To dedicate and consecrate the firstfruits of the wheat harvest.

Prophetic Significance: The outpouring of The Holy Spirit upon the church occurred on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2)

5. Day of Trumpets (Heb, rosh Hashanah,)Lev. 23:23-25Num. 10:1029:1-6

Time: The first day of the seventh month (Tishri), the sabbatical month (September/October)

Purpose: To usher in and consecrate the seventh month as the sabbatical month

Prophetic Significance: In the NT the blowing of the trumpet is associated with the return of our Lord (cf. Matt.24:311Cor. 15:521Thess. 4:16)

6. Day of Atonement (Heb, yom kippur,).Lev. 16:23:26-32; Num 29:7-11

Time: The tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri- September/October)

Purpose: To make annual atonement for the sins of the priests and the people, and for the tabernacle (temple)

Prophetic Significance: The Day of Atonement finds its ultimate, fulfilment in the crucifixion of Christ (cf. Heb.9) It represents the redeeming work of Christ more adequately than any other O.T type.

7. Feast of Tabernacles (Heb, Booths or ingathering; sukkot)Lev. 23:33-43Num. 29:12-38Deut. 16:13-17)

Time: the fifteenth through twenty-first of the seventh month (Tishri), with an eighth day added as a climax to all the feasts (September/October.)

Purpose: (1) To commemorate God’s deliverance and protection during the wilderness wanderings (23:43;) (2) To rejoice in the completion of all the harvest (23:39).

Prophetic Significance: The Feast of Tabernacles foreshadows the peace and prosperity of the millennial reign of Christ ( Zech. 14:16)